March 31, 2023
Nd YAG crystal properties

Nd YAG crystal

Nd YAG crystal, also known as neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal (Nd:Y3Al5O12), employs yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as its activator; the crystal contains 0.6–1.1% Nd atoms; it belongs to the solid laser class and can thrill pulse lasers or constant lasers, emitting a laser infrared wavelength of 1.064 m.

Brief-pulse Nd:YAG lasers have vital applications in laser handling, photoelectric countermeasures, laser ranging, laser communication, etc. The peak power laser obtained by Q switching, in particular, is a key tool in a number of sophisticated scientific research projects as well as modern clinical instruments and devices.

Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser crystal has the advantages of excellent optical harmony, mechanical properties, high physical and also chemical stability, great thermal conductivity, and so forth. It has come to be the primary assistance product for military solid laser technology as well as the application direction of medium and high-power lasers. It is known as one of the “3 basic laser crystal products”, which is widely utilized in industrial, clinical, armed forces, and clinical study. looking to know more about Freelance web designer in New York


Nd: YAG crystal is still one of the most extensively made use of strong laser medium due to its outstanding optical as well as mechanical buildings, simple production, and inexpensive. However, the study primarily focuses on the 946nm, 1064nm, and also 1319nm wavelength lasers, as well as the 1123nm laser discharge is likewise an important change.

Nd: YAG crystals have superior spectral and also laser properties. It is among one of the most commonly utilized laser crystals.

Compared With Nd:YVO4 crystal, the previous has high thermal conductivity, excellent mechanical properties, and also easy growth, as well as Nd YAG crystal can be utilized straight; Cr YAG Q modulation to obtain peak power as well as high rep frequency result. However, since the doping concentration of Nd YAG crystal is low and also the absorption coefficient is tiny, it is tough to realize the miniaturization of the laser and boost its efficiency. We have actually now obtained huge, highly doped Nd YAG crystals utilizing the cozy ladder method, with the mole portion of Nd ions doped up to 2.3.

Growth method

Lifting method

Tira method: Czochralsik, CZ method, a crystal growth method developed by Czochralsik in 1917.

Basic concept: Under an affordable temperature field, the reduced end of the seed crystal installed on the seed crystal rod is lowered into the raw material of the thaw. Under the activity of the rotary motor and also training system, the seed crystal rod revolves while slowly drawing up. After numerous technological stages, such as neck shrinking, shoulder growth, shoulder rotation, equivalent size, ending up, and managing, the single crystal with certified geometric shape as well as inner quality is grown.

Advantages of the pulling method:

  • (a) During the growth process, it is convenient to observe the growth of the crystal
  • (b) The growth of the crystal on a free surface of the thaw without contact with the crucible considerably reduces the anxiety on the crystal and also stops nucleation on the crucible wall
  • (c) It is easy to use orientated seed crystals as well as the “necking” procedure to obtain full seed crystals and crystals of the preferred positioning. The great advantage of the pull-up approach is the capacity to expand crystals of better at a much faster price


  • Possible contamination of the crystal by crucible product;
  • The thaw’s flow action, the transmission’s resonance, and the temperature level variation all influence the crystal’s top quality.

Bridgman technique

Bridgman process is a typical melt growth technique, normally divided right into upright and also horizontal Bridgman process 2.

The upright Bridgman procedure, likewise referred to as the crucible descent technique, is a technique of expanding crystals from thaw. Normally, when the crucible is reduced in a taking shape furnace and also goes through a region with a big temperature level slope, the melt takes shape in the crucible from all-time low up into a solitary crystal. The condensation heating system increasing along the crucible can additionally complete this process.

Guided temperature slope method

The directed temperature ladder method is a single condensation method of melt generated by orientated seed crystals. The temperature area of TGT is primarily adjusted by changing the form and placement of the graphite home heating body, Mo insulation screen, Mo crucible, the power of the heating body, and the circulation of flowing cooling water to create a suitable temperature level slope from all-time low to top.

Main application of Nd: YAG laser

The Nd: YAG laser has a wavelength of 1064 nm and also is not near the absorption height of oxygenated hemoglobin, which has bad Nd: YAG laser absorption. Nevertheless, its penetration depth can get to about 8 mm, to make sure that it can play a healing role in the much deeper part of the hemangioma. According to the different power outcome modes, Nd: YAG laser can be split into continuous and pulse type 2. Continuous Nd: YAG lasers are typically made use of yet are non-selective in thermal tissue damages.

Continual Nd: YAG laser is commonly used in the ent department, gynecology as well as surgery. And in dermatology, because of the “bad aesthetic impact”, usage is extra cautious. Compared to continuous Nd: YAG laser, pulsed Nd: YAG laser is more regular with discerning photothermal concept. It can minimize heat damage to the surrounding typical cells and also lower the incident of marks and also other damaging reactions.



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